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Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal is a mausoleum built in 1631-1654 in Agra, India. It is considered one of the most important works of Islamic architecture.

It was built on the banks of the Yamuna River in Agra, the capital of the empire at that time, for Ercümend Bânû Begüm (Mumtaz Mahal), the wife of Shah Cihan, the 5th ruler of the Mughal Empire, who died at a young age on 17 June 1631. It houses the tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and the emperor Shah Jahan, who died in 1666.

The building represents the power and might of the Mughals, who lived their heyday during the reign of Shah Cihan.

Ercumend Banu, who took the name Mümtaz Mahal after Shah Cihan ascended the throne, died while giving birth to her fourteenth child. It is said that the ruler found solace in art and architecture by having a magnificent mausoleum built in memory of his love for his wife.

It has been on UNESCO's World Heritage List since 1983. It is visited by an estimated 3 million people annually.

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